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Động vật có chiến tranh như con người không?

Cập nhật: 01 thg 4, 2019 lúc tháng 3 31, 2019

Throughout the development process, human history has experienced many important milestones, from the discovery of fire, to agriculture, the establishment of the first state, ... However, only one phase the short paragraph that many differences have appeared, war, is the thing that changes the world more than anything, from the Roman Empire, to the European division map on World War I. From there we see the impact is not small from war to mankind.
Do animals have war?
Countless people and territories, unintentionally or intentionally, want or not will also become victims of war. But this planet is not only a human being, sometimes we wonder if other species on Earth have wars, or brutal battles like humans? The more complex answer is just yes or no.

Warriors in the Animal Kingdom
There are quite a few definitions of the two words of war, most of the explanations are primarily for humans, rarely mentioning other species than humans that behave in the same way. When it comes to war, many people will think of a front divided into two opposing factions with swords ready like the medieval European films we have seen, others will think of war. Armed with gun bullets with many unpredictable political and guerrilla strategies. It can be said that in the animal world, war is also divided into two categories: the first "Middle Ages" and the second "guerrilla war".

The first type is often found in ants and behavioral insects that live in colonies and territories. With an enormous amount of 10,000 in each "front" and for the purpose of expansion, the ant colonies that are ready to fight and tear apart are no different from medieval battles in humans. Other aggressive insects such as termites and wasps, insects that inhabit the territory. For wasps, they concentrated their forces to determine the target, be it honeycombs or other insects, then attack and wipe out the enemy within a few hours to occupy the nest. This form of war does not appear in larger animals like mammals.

The second type, which can be called "guerrilla warfare," is most commonly found in our relatives - chimpanzees. With this type of strategy, the strategy is outlined more sophisticatedly, just like modern warfare in humans, opponents often have specific strategies to harm some components of the other party without It takes a lot of troops like the Middle Ages, it could be a raid strategy, an intelligence detective strategy ... In chimpanzees, a small group of male chimpanzees will be dispatched. deep into the territory of another individual (rival) to isolate and destroy or assimilate a part of an enemy that causes them to lose resources or in some cases they will leave the current territory. The majority of fighting individuals in this species are males.

On the other hand zoologists do not refer to this behavior of chimpanzees as a war, because it would be completely wrong to assume that chimpanzees are a warlike species to harm some enemy forces or to Territorial competition, with chimpanzees only when there is some reason. Normally chimpanzees interact with each other in peace, if there is conflict, it is only between small groups and short periods. Often they will threaten each other primarily. Some other species also have the habit of fighting with each other like wolves, lions, hyenas, etc. But the battles take place more often in the form of hunting or territorial protection than fighting. Only in chimpanzees, people are more proactive.

The aspects that we study are very rare cases in the animal world (except insects), mainly the conflict of small groups, many zoologists do not accept to call it "war." picture ". We humans can be the most developed species on the planet, technology, cognitive ability, but the Animal Kingdom always maintains everything as an instinct that we lose is to solve everything. work by peace.