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Discover the secret of birth month and precious stones

Cập nhật: 17 thg 6, 2019 lúc tháng 6 17, 2019

Will a large earthquake happen and threaten the life of the world in the future?

"In the world ...", that's the way the introduction of a disaster film will begin, followed by two minutes of introducing the film with slow-motion scenes that are collapsing, exploding, dark with the image of the end. Why not, when threats can come from the universe, the fury of the natural forces, or the result of the arrogance of mankind. 

But a real disaster is often not a single event born from simple problems that can be solved. The preparation of society and the ability to face the disaster will define it as an accident or disaster event. Vaccines, rapid response teams and early warning systems will guide it as an accident event, while poverty, corruption and indifference will make people slip toward the disaster.

Modern technology, the ability to control life and death unprecedented in the precedent that we currently own will most likely lead to future destruction. Let's look at the following 10 disaster destruction scenarios.

10. Gene metabolism goes in the wrong direction

Image: DNA test tube scientist is used to repair cells

Look at the path that leads to human defeat with the most obvious case, science and technology since nuclear weapons: gene metabolism.

From the beginning, all the ethics and sci-fi writers have the same fear that genetic ambitions will cross beyond human safety. In the past, we used to be reassured with factors such as high-tech costs, humanistic concerns, or sophistication and difficulty in meeting the living environment that would make it unlikely. Nowadays, emerging technologies such as CRISPR-Cas9 and TALENs (technology that allows scientists to make changes in cell DNA) have completely changed gene metabolism, like from humans only have a rudimentary shotgun into a smart road system bomb. This process used to take years and costs no money, now only takes a few weeks and thousands of dollars.

This technology allows us to transform the rice genome to help rice resist fungi, or help mosquitoes create genomes against malaria. While the old genetic modification methods will eventually be eliminated, these new technologies are capable of promoting "bad" genes, which can force genetic agencies to re-transform this to after life Simply put, we can now erase all creatures with one mistake. 

In April 2015, a group of Chinese scientists described their process of using CRISPR-Cas9 to revise the human embryo that had stopped growing. Scientists have been required to stop the process of editing human genes at such an early stage, many other newspapers also refuse to publish those studies for moral reasons. But the ethical standards of biology tend to be behind technology, and who can tell what other moral organizations will be able to do? 

9. Global pandemic

Do you remember the outbreak of Ebola outbreaks in 2014 that raised fears around the world with how fast it spreads, and how did humans face the disease? Perhaps none of us can forget. Even when the World Health Organization (WHO) announced that the area was eradicated from Ebola in 2016, another case developed. 

History shows that a pandemic could be a good thing, at least for those who survived. In addition to psychological adverse effects, diseases can create a better future for poor workers and help restore ecosystems, provided they do not kill too many populations. But in this process, they can profoundly change the way society operates, such as the taxation of infrastructure that will exceed the tolerance of the people, and force them to take time off to work family care.

An epidemic that kills 80 to 90 percent of people living on earth can break the balance, leading to a complete collapse of society and technology. The more we discover, change the landscape, live closer to all animals, the more we will increase the danger to humanity. 

So what kind of disaster can this happen? It is really not easy to confirm. In the past few centuries, we have to go through a pandemic every 10 to 50 years. The most recent is the pandemic H1N1 flu pandemic in 2009 and 2010. That means another pandemic could happen in your life. 

8. Great aurora eruption

Aurora eruption is an explosion of plasma rays and magnetic fields out of the sun. It is quite similar to pandemics where it follows a regular but more regular circulation, about every 11 years. It also causes various damage with terrible scale.

In 1859, amateur astronomer Richard Carrington observed flaring sun predicting a geomagnetic storm. Plasma released from the field and crashed into the Earth produced enough voltage to help transmit telegraph signals for several days. Since then, scientists have begun to pay more attention to Carrington phenomena and its link to auroral eruptions.

Thus, we were very fortunate to be able to distract the magnetic field connection and minimize the impact of an aurora eruption in 2003. However, it still caused losses of up to hundreds of millions of dollars. when interfering with flights, satellites and grid systems. In July 2012, another aurora erupted almost hit Earth. 

In the worst case scenario, a massive aurora eruptions can cause power outages and GPS signals across the continent. That means that people will lose the ability to trade, without the source of air conditioning, fuel, or tap water, the damage will amount to trillions of dollars and the number of casualties cannot be calculated. Some experts optimistically predict that the power outage will take place in just a few weeks. But the opposite idea is that the power generated by aurora eruption will destroy the whole transformer. In that case, the risk of social collapse and large-scale starvation could become a reality. 

7. Deplete phosphorus sources

Speaking of widespread starvation, do you know, theoretically, how many people this planet can hold? The answer is: mainly based on the limit of the amount of solar radiation available on the planet, but there are other limitations that humans may exceed before reaching this limit.

In the 18th century, economist Thomas Malthus was concerned that the population would grow much faster than food supplies. Many scholars disregard his warning, but when it is about to turn into the 20th century, a food crisis is at risk because of the lack of nitrate and ammonia. German chemists Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch invented nitrogen fixation or nitrogen fixation, taking nitrogen from the air and converting it into fertilizer.

Today another substance at risk of depletion is phosphorus. Our bodies need phosphorus to transfer energy, build cells and DNA. But human needs will exceed supply over the next 30 to 40 years. The promotion of biofuels will only make the crisis worse.

Currently, a large amount of phosphorus is lost to human feces and animal manure. Most of the rest is in garbage or leached when shallow soil is worn out. Recycling these sources and finding a new source can help extend the time, but everything has its limits, including the vastness of the Earth.

6. Density flow stops working

Like most natural mechanisms, the global climate system also has a certain level of elasticity. If it exceeds that point, in combination with other natural factors that impact, could create climate change reactions in the next decade or century.

A vision of nightmares will occur if global climate change makes the Arctic ice melt too quickly. The melting ice water will overflow across the North Atlantic, preventing the flow from playing a vital role in the global climate, known as density heat flow. Flowing heat flow combines the effect of temperature and density, creating a flow of water to help transport heat around the world. For example, Atlantic surface water warms near Florida, and flows northeastward to Europe. This explains in part why London has a temperate, temperate climate despite its latitude with Calgary, Canada and Kiev of Ukraine.

Research has shown that in the past, the density of heat flow has been deactivated, possibly due to the huge amount of water flowing out during the ice age. We still do not know if the proportional heat flow will stop working later, but many data show that the heat flow will gradually slow down. 

It is unlikely, but if the effect of this ice-miniaturized era combined with other climate change counterparts will be equivalent to a global earthquake.

5. Cascadia super earthquake

Mass culture often teaches us that maybe one day the San Andreas fissure going through California will submerge this golden state into the Pacific Ocean (it will not), but at least it helps us realize A magnitude 8.0 or greater earthquake may occur in California in the future, named Big One. However, we cannot predict whether another earthquake threatens the states of the United States and Canada with the Cascadia super-earthquake.

At the very least, Southern California has set up anti-earthquake buildings and policies to prepare for this disaster. In contrast, the Cascadia submerged zone stretches 1,000 meters in the Juan de Fuca array that is submerged beneath the surface of North America in a sleepy period, which is a time for people to rebuild the city elsewhere.

To figure out how the earthquake happened, we need to consider how the same event affects the area on the opposite side of the fire belt in Japan. In 2011, the 9.0-magnitude earthquake named Tohoku pulled the tsunami to kill 18,000 people, causing Fukushima to collapse and causing more than $ 200 billion in damage. It all happened in an area that was prepared for the earthquake disaster, only that people did not measure the size of the earthquake so big.

There is a 10 percent chance that an earthquake and tsunami will happen in the Pacific Northwest in the next half century. Under the current state of awareness and preparation, the disaster could destroy five states along the west coast, killing thousands, causing millions of people to become refugees and starve to death. The possibility of another earthquake with less devastation occurs during the same period of 30 percent. Anyway, it will only be a problem sooner or later.

4. An asteroid crashed into the earth

On February 15, 2013, a shooting star dragged through the sky of Chelyabinsk, Russia and exploded in the sky. It almost became a terrible catastrophe, because just one hit to the ground could kill ten thousand people. Anyway, this accident also shows that the game of Russian roulette of unknown asteroids will never end.

A few hours after the event, a sky-like rock three times larger than the Chelyabinsk meteor made its way through the space between Earth and the artificial satellite. If this sky rock crashed into a crowded city like New York, it would immediately destroy the city center, blow away skyscrapers and create meteor shower for hours. The number of casualties can reach millions.

Of course, seawater covers 71 percent of the Earth's surface while land areas are scattered. So the possibility of a large sky rock hitting the Earth is very unlikely, but there is a small chance that it will rush into the densely populated area. Anyway, an asteroid or asteroid might hit the Earth someday, sometimes even earlier than we thought. 

An asteroid named Apophis is about the size of an apartment building that is expected to glide through our atmosphere in 2029, and may crash straight into the Earth on its return journey in 2036 . 

Astronomers think it will not happen, but if it does, the asteroid will be as destructive as an atomic bomb with a blast of 300 million tons. That is not to mention it will generate fire, destroy solar energy and cause famine.

3. Crash the global economy

While experts and politicians enjoy the introduction of the collapse of the economy to strengthen voter support, economists disagree with the possibility of this collapse. This is a delicate issue, in part because predictions can distort the very system they are describing, partly because the collapse is due to a variety of reasons, from stagnation. deep and long-term economy until rapid inflation. Indeed, economists are still trying to extract the cause of the past collapses.

When looking at the way China favors a weakened stock market and how the European Union establishes economic policies to suit the needs of its member countries, all that we can see that the indexes seem extremely complicated. Even if we are considering the recovery of the financial system, the uncertainty of the job market or the stress of lack of food and clean water, any problem will only get worse under the impact of global climate change or energy exhaustion.

After all, it is the nature of the political economy: risk and uncertainty.

Meanwhile, China's economic policies including debt addiction can shake the world economy. In other Asian countries like Japan has sparked a currency war by exporting deflation. Once again, Japan can put this problem aside by leading the world into making robots to help revolutionize human life, or perhaps create an end.

2. Singularity: Variation

Some say the world will end in the ashes of fire, some say in ice; others think that the world will end because super self-improvement wisdom is created by human arrogance.

Of course we are not foolish enough to create a monster like Frankenstein's without a backup plan. But do you know anything new that is easy to happen? It is a few hackers or industry capitalists who run by revenue, competition or superstition that will work day and night until they create artificial intelligence or some weird version. its.

A society that has not been prepared for large-scale labor changes and unemployment may face the risk of financial and social turmoil. If that society exists, millions of people will face a crisis of survival, possibly in the form of no longer a purpose of life, or plunge to the brink of decay and disintegration.

The optimist asserts that these problems will correct themselves, and the economist thinks that science and technology will create more jobs. But even if we ignore the risk of super smart machines rising, self-perfecting and deciding whether to destroy humanity, we will still face one of the transitional moments. The largest in social history and psychology. Because no matter what the outcome, we have not been prepared for that change, this alone is already a disaster.

1. World War 3

Perhaps we cannot imagine a disaster that could be more terrible than world war with nuclear weapons, cyberattack weapons and biological weapons. This is an idea that has not been seriously considered since the Cold War. But when the World Economic Forum asks experts in different industries about the worst scenario that could happen in the next 10 years, guess what they answer?

The closely related causes include: lack of food and water insecurity, climate change, financial crisis, epidemics, and profound social unrest. There is also a rising nationalism, unclear claims of governments of large countries like China, Russia, Japan, terrorism and national groups demanding independence.

Of course one can argue that our global connection will prevent any large-scale conflict; But we will lose more than we can. China's largest consumer market is the United States and Central-American banks are so closely linked to each other that many also call this Mutual Economic Destruction. 

The confusing forces that made the World War 1 a terrible disaster have a lot in common. They do not face the prospect of nuclear destruction. They also do not have access to satellite intelligence and fast communications, which help to limit mutual misunderstandings. So if you consider carefully, the possibility of the outbreak of the Third World War will be very unlikely, but it is not impossible. But why can't this make us feel better?

In general, whether socially or ecologically, experts have found that more and more threats can take place at a much greater level than our coping capacity. In a world shaped by unrelenting connections today, economic, political, ecological and epidemic disasters are difficult to geographically limit. It is globalization and mass media that has helped to transform the world and it will be easy to collapse if we are not careful, even if we are careful, this risk is already great.